Vocabulary of terms and definitions used in the field of e-Health and Telemedicine

January 16, 2020 - Leila Zayed

In this article the key components of e-Health and Telemedicine are defined.


Electronic health is a broad definition that is used to define the majority of aspects within healthcare delivery or management activated by information technology or communications.


Supply of consultations over a distance, by using telecommunications technology. Essentially, telemedicine considers the use of medical data, also known as Medical Health Record and Electronic Health Records , exchanged through electronic data exchange to improve the patient's medical and health condition.


Analogous to telemedicine, is a reference to 'remote clinical support activated by technology supported information sharing and communication between patient and clinical staff'. It comprises remote health care delivery or monitoring between a health care professional and a patient outside of clinical settings, in their home or assisted living residence and integration of electronic transfer of physiological data via mobile phones, wearable electronic devices, or implantable electronic.


Mobile health: all mobile devices (including phone and laptop, tablet, digital device, with or without wearable sensors) used to provide healthcare in the medical field at any time and anywhere. Typical architectures of mHealth services use the Internet and Web services to provide an authentic, omnipresent interaction between doctors and patients.


Remote processing of data from a patient through a computer (ICD, pacemaker, ECG, blood pressure, glucose levels …) to monitor regularly at home patients vital parameters and symptoms

Remote control

Interrogation of the unit is done regularly at the patient's residence, manually by the patient or automatically at predefined intervals by the monitoring system.

Remote monitoring

Remote monitoring of physiological signals from patients is one of the common telemedicine applications. In the case of an alarm, the system is continuously monitored, triggered by unplanned data transmissions. It can be achieved by health professionals either in real time or store-and-forward.


Specialist's second opinion consultation.

Tele + specialty (i.e. Telecardiology, Telepathology)

Telemedicine application to a particular medicine division.

Telesurveillane = Telemonitoring of patients

These terms describe remote monitoring of the use of mobile wireless devices.

Benefits of Telemedicine and e-Health

Telemedicine has several benefits. One of the most important is that it gives you access to experts and knowledge that you may not have readily access to otherwise. You usually have an opportunity to tell the doctor about your medical history and ask questions during a telemedicine appointment. In turn, the specialist can ask you questions directly.

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